Bangladesh

171.1

Population 2022 (Millions)

0.66

HDI Score
2021 (Max. 1)

65.9

SDG Score
2023
(Max. 100)

0.53

Gender Inequality
Index Score
(Max. 1)

64

Internet Inclusivity
Index 2022
(100 countries)

Sources: 1. World Bank (2022), 2, UNDP (2021), 3. Sustainable Development Report (2023), 4. UNDP (2021), 5. Economist Impact (2022)

Overview

Situated in the delta of the Padma (Ganges) River in South Asia, Bangladesh has a large population, of which the vast majority are Bengali. As one of the most densely populated countries in the world, its unique location is also one of its most detrimental factors in terms of development, as it is susceptible to extreme flooding from yearly monsoon rains and cyclones. The economy is largely dependent on agriculture which, being seasonal, contributes to high seasonal unemployment. Famously, Bangladesh is also home to a large number of Rohingya refugees, with up to a million residing in the Cox’s Bazar area of the capital, Dhaka. Despite reaching lower-middle income status, the country still faces significant challenges in terms of further poverty reduction, extreme exposure to climate change, and the need to advance gender equality.

Projects

Digital Maturity Assessment: Methodology Development and Implementation

DPA developed a Digital Maturity Assessment (DMA) framework to provide Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) Country Offices with a tool to self-assess their digital transformation journey based on the perceptions and experiences of its staff. The DMA framework is the analytical background guiding the calculation of a Digital Maturity Score that measures the level of digital transformation in the COs based on qualitative data on: Digital ecosystem, data, and tech management; User-centricity and digital inclusion; Digital mindset, literacy, and innovation; Strategy, governance, policies, and frameworks; Investment and partnerships. The DMA was tested in the COs in Bangladesh and Sudan. The results and outputs of these pilots were made available in an interactive dashboard created to facilitate the visualization and extraction of insights.

Landscape Mapping and Review of Technology-based Interventions to Mitigate Child Marriage and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

DPA, in collaboration with UNICEF and UNFPA, conducted a comprehensive landscape mapping of key technology-based interventions to mitigate child-marriage and FGM through empowerment of girls and to review the digital solutions and tools used in these interventions, their effectiveness and potential areas for improvement in 13 countries in Africa and Asia. The methodology proposed by DPA was based on an analysis that integrated both quantitative and qualitative research methods, as well as traditional and non-traditional data sources collected at different stages of the study, underpinned by a participatory approach involving UNICEF, UNFPA and other stakeholders that provided feedback and input throughout the entire project.

Strategic Evaluation of the World Food Programme’s (WFP) Use of Technology in Constrained Environments

This evaluation, developed in collaboration with ADE, looked at the extent to which WFP has effectively and efficiently deployed the most appropriate Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), and how, why and under which conditions the use of technologies has contributed to management and program objectives. The team designed a mixed methods approach consistent with WFP’s proposed analytical framework and outlined the factors affecting technological innovation and diffusion. In addition, six case studies were conducted in Jordan, Niger, Iraq, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Bangladesh.