As the largest country in South America in terms of land, population and economic output, Brazil has an outsized impact both regionally and globally. With diverse geography ranging from the Amazon Rainforest to mountains and plateaus, this vast country also faces a number of development challenges. These include violence against women and gender disparities, being the county with the 5th highest rate of femicides worldwide. Additionally, despite astonishing economic growth, Brazil is also characterized by extreme income inequality, with the top 1% of households taking an equal share of national income to that of the bottom 50% (some 80 million people). This inequality contributes to a myriad of issues, including violence, instability, and high poverty rates.