Equatorial Guinea


Population 2022 (Millions)


HDI Score
2021 (Max. 1)


SDG Score
(Max. 100)


Gender Inequality
Index Score
(Max. 1)


Internet Inclusivity
Index 2022
(100 countries)

Sources: 1. World Bank (2022), 2, UNDP (2021), 3. Sustainable Development Report (2023), 4. UNDP (2021), 5. Economist Impact (2022)


This small country, located on the western coast of Equatorial Africa, also includes islands, with the largest being Bioko Island. The mainland is characterized by a coastal plain and dense tropical rainforest. As a colony of Spain, Spanish remains the official language (along with French). The country faces a multitude of challenges, and despite many natural resources and oil wealth, the average citizen’s standard of living remains quite low. Some issues that are standing in the way of the country’s political, economic, and social development include high poverty rates, lack of political accountability, and elite capture of oil revenue. The country hopes to address these challenges with its Horizon 2020 Plan.


Socioeconomic Impact Assessment of COVID-19 in Equatorial Guinea

In partnership with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), ADE, and following the formal request of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, this project aimed to evaluate the initial effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the country. Through rapid macroeconomic and fiscal analysis, sectoral analysis (agriculture, tourism, ICT, education, and health), and analysis of socioeconomic vulnerability and expected impacts of the crisis on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), DPA produced a report with key recommendations to help the country recover and reduce vulnerability (applicable to subregions). DPA’s work focused on understanding the effects of COVID-19 and coordinating a response based on five pillars: 1) putting health first; 2) protecting people through social protection and basic services; 3) promoting social cohesion and community resilience; 4) supporting the macroeconomic response, and 5) fostering multilateral collaboration. All of this was done with the objective of advancing towards the SDGs, with the premise of leaving no one behind.


Development of Equatorial Guinea’s First Voluntary National Review 2022

Equatorial Guinea adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with the aim of eradicating poverty, protecting the planet and enabling all people to live in peace and prosperity. The work contained in this report presents the progress made towards the Agenda 2030 and how to mobilize the resources necessary for its implementation through partnerships and inclusive planning. Based on this commitment, DPA contributed to the first VNR in the country in order to present a self-assessment on progress related to achievement of the SDGs.